Debt Dictionary


Home -> Collateral

According to lending agreements, collateral refers to the pledge of a borrower for a particular property, to the loan provider for securing a loan repayment. A lender uses the collateral as a form of protection against the risk of default by the borrower – (in case the borrower fails to pay the interest and the principal under the agreement of the loan obligation). In situations of default on account of insolvency or any other reason, the borrower gives up or forfeits the property that has been pledged (collateral). The lender automatically gets ownership of the collateral.

For a typical transaction in a mortgage loan, the real estate’s ownership is transferred to the lender, which is the bank, in case the buyer has faltered with repayment.

Within banking, more recently, capital market collateralization is being used for a secured trade transaction. It involves bilateral obligations as opposed to unilateral obligations in case of the traditional form of secured lending. Capital market collateralization involves securing additional liquid assets like cash and securities called margin.

Collateral loans or personal loans with bad credit

Collateral loans are personal loans that come with risk factors. However these are useful for someone with bad credit needing immediate solution for money problems. In this case the borrower pledges certain types of assets like a car or a home. The creditor has the right to acquire ownership over the collateral if the borrower defaults on the loan payment. The risks and interest rate is high, but the money comes immediately requiring fewer credit checks.

Collateral choices

Majority of borrowers choose upon bonds, stocks, and other forms of investments as collateral for the loans. Another option is pledging homes and property for receiving a collateral loan. The obvious risk involved in such a situation is that if you default on the loan repayment, you will have no other choice but to sell off the property. You might have to go out on the streets if that was the house you were living in.

Generally the agreement with a collateral loan states that you are bound to repay the actual loan amount regardless of the fact that the value of the collateral may change. The home is assessed for its value initially and any price reduction is ignored. Suppose you take a loan of the amount - $10000, and the collateral value has dropped to $5000, you are bound to still pay the initial assessed value of $10,000. Thus you owe an amount of $5000 even after giving up on your land. You can prevent such a situation by not taking a loan against the collateral’s full value. You must ensure to borrow, what you may afford losing. Try not to include those things which you regularly use like a car, or a house as collateral.

Prior to going for a collateral loan, do remember the fact that you are going to end up invariably giving more than the original amount on account of interest rates. If you do not have any collateral but have a steady employment, you can instead opt for a payday loan.

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